From a single drop of urine, the termite sniffing dog learns the marking animal’s sex, diet, health, emotional state, and even whether it’s dominant or submissive, friend or foe.
Termite tracking dogs follow a biochemical trail of dead skin cells, sweat, odor molecules, and gasses. For termite sniffing dogs, a scent article is like a three-dimensional “odor image” - much more detailed than a photograph is for a person.
Termite sniffing dogs can track a scent through snow, air, mud, water, and even ash. The properly trained and certified termite detection dog is recognized in court as a “scientific instrument” (US 9th Circuit Court of Appeals) .